In the Constitution
The Constitution enumerates local governments as special provincial administrations, municipalities and villages. The administrative and financial autonomy of local governments is secured in the Constitution.
The Constitution provides the following for local governments:
- Their decision-making bodies shall be directly elected by the electorate.
- They have public legal personality.
- Their organization, functions and powers shall be governed by law in accordance with the principle of decentralization.
- Local government elections shall be held every five years.
- The central government shall have the power of tutelage over local governments as described by law.
- Local governments shall be allocated financial resources commensurate with their functions.